Autism is a brain development disorder characterised by a set of behaviours that affect individuals differently. There are three main types of autism spectrum disorder: Asperger's syndrome, Pervasive developmental disorder, and Autistic disorder. And two rare, severe autistic-like conditions: Rett syndrome and Childhood disintegrative disorder.
Children with autism are withdrawn, in a world of their own. Children
suffering from autism can be helped with appropriate intervention and increased
awareness in society. Symptoms may vary from moderate to severe. One needs to
look out for when trying to detect autism at home and ensure that the child
gets treatment early before it becomes a serious problem that stays within the
cortex when they become young adults.
Children with autism
start to show difficulty in maintaining social interactions with others around
them. Moreover, they prefer to be left alone, all by themselves. They tend to
remain within their nut shell and avoid contact with others by displaying
unusual eye contact. They also demonstrate difficulty in verbal and nonverbal
communications resulting in a hard time to cope up in school.
Children suffering from autism show symptoms of extreme distress for no
apparent reason and posses a short attention span. Besides, they have
difficulty taking turns in turn-taking games or activities. Moreover, they
enjoy rotating or spinning object, or lining up objects. They keep themselves
occupied with objects such as knobs, switches, wheels.
Autistic children suffer from communication problems, display signs of
difficulty to start or maintain a social conversation. They tend to communicate
with gestures instead of words. Moreover, they slowly develop language and
repeat words or memorized passages. For instance when encountered with a
commercial, they would keep repeating it. This inability to demonstrate verbal
and nonverbal communications makes situations worse at school.
Autistic children should be dealt with care and not considered as disabled.
Children can overcome the problem of autism if treated well in time with