Thursday, April 18, 2013

HTML Website Layouts

Website Layouts

Most websites have put their content in multiple columns (formatted like a magazine or newspaper).
Multiple columns are created by using
or elements. CSS are used to position elements, or to create backgrounds or colorful look for the pages.


HTML Layouts - Using
Elements

The div element is a block level element used for grouping HTML elements.
The following example uses five div elements to create a multiple column layout, creating the same result as in the previous example:
Example
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<div id="container" style="width:500px">

<div id="header" style="background-color:#FFA500;">
<h1 style="margin-bottom:0;">Main Title of Web Page</h1></div>

<div id="menu" style="background-color:#FFD700;height:200px;width:100px;float:left;">
<b>Menu</b><br>
HTML<br>
CSS<br>
JavaScript</div>

<div id="content" style="background-color:#EEEEEE;height:200px;width:400px;float:left;">
Content goes here</div>

<div id="footer" style="background-color:#FFA500;clear:both;text-align:center;">
Copyright © W3Schools.com</div>

</div>

</body>
</html>
Try it yourself »
The HTML code above will produce the following result:

Main Title of Web Page

Menu
HTML
CSS
JavaScript
Content goes here
Copyright © W3Schools.com

HTML Layouts - Using Tables

 A simple way of creating layouts is by using the HTML <table> tag.
Multiple columns are created by using <div> or <table> elements. CSS are used to position elements, or to create backgrounds or colorful look for the pages.
Using <table> to create a nice layout is NOT the correct use of the element. The purpose of the <table> element is to display tabular data!

The following example uses a table with 3 rows and 2 columns - the first and last row spans both columns using the colspan attribute:
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<table width="500" border="0">
<tr>
<td colspan="2" style="background-color:#FFA500;">
<h1>Main Title of Web Page</h1>
</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td style="background-color:#FFD700;width:100px;">
<b>Menu</b><br>
HTML<br>
CSS<br>
JavaScript
</td>
<td style="background-color:#EEEEEE;height:200px;width:400px;">
Content goes here</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td colspan="2" style="background-color:#FFA500;text-align:center;">
Copyright © W3Schools.com</td>
</tr>
</table>

</body>
</html>
Try it yourself »
The HTML code above will produce the following result:

Main Title of Web Page

Menu
HTML
CSS
JavaScript
Content goes here
Copyright © W3Schools.com

HTML Layout Tags

 Tag                 Description
<div>      Defines a section in a document (block-level)
<span>    Defines a section in a document (inline)

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